Catalog Number
Postcard featuring a photograph of De Zwaan at Windmill Island.  Three people can be seen in a boat in the foreground.
In August of 1961 Carter Brown, a resident of Holland, MI during the warmer months of the year, visited Willard “Bill” Wichers. Wichers was at that time director of both the Netherlands Museum and the Mid-west branch of the Netherlands Information Service, both located in Holland, MI.
Carter shared with Bill his dream of commemorating the Dutch heritage and suggested Holland acquire an authentic windmill from the Netherlands. “Operation Windmill” began on October 3, 1961. The biggest challenge to the plan was convincing the Netherlands government to part with one of their windmills.

Bill Wichers took the first of three trips to the Netherlands in March of 1962. He would eventually look over 24 windmills. Meanwhile, Netherlands officials sent architect and windmill authority A.J. de Koning to Holland, MI in July of 1962 to see if there was a proper site for a windmill.
In June of 1964 Bill left on his final trip to the Netherlands. By June 11 a windmill had been found near the town of Vinkel, Noord Brabant in the southern part of the Netherlands.
De Zwaan (the Swan) was the name of the windmill. It was originally built in 1761 at another location before moving to Vinkel ca. 1889. It is stated on the historical marker that De Zwaan was built using pieces from older mills. The mill had also been damaged during World War II and had deteriorated.
The City of Holland paid $2,800 to buy the windmill, which would become the last windmill permitted to leave the country. The city council, led by Mayor Nelson Bosman, sold $450,000 in bonds to finance “Operation Windmill.”
Gift of
Tri Cities Historical Society Museum